Residency Overview

The Advanced Educational Program in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) at Carle is a fully accredited four year program approved by the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA). The Carle OMFS Residency Program participates in the PASS application program and match to allow one new resident to enter the program each year. Candidates who complete the program are eligible for examination by the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. This advanced education program incorporates all requirements necessary to attain board eligibility in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

The Program

The Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery operates a daily outpatient clinic within Carle Physician Group. The clinic is fully equipped and staffed to perform IV sedation, monitored anesthesia care, and full general anesthetics. Additionally, a second fully operational outpatient clinic, with identical capabilities is operated off site in Champaign.

The Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is in the main operating room three days a week. Additional main operating room time is utilized as required. The Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery outpatient unit operates five days/week and sees nearly 15,000 patient visits annually, with over 1,750 IV sedations and general anesthetics administered for over 3,750 procedures a year.


Carle Physician Group is a multi-specialty group practice with more than 450 physicians practicing in more than 80 specialties and subspecialties. With 25 branch clinics in surrounding communities, Carle Physician Group serves the healthcare needs of more than one million patients in 42 east central Illinois and western Indiana counties.

In addition to a 24 hour Emergency Department and complete range of therapy services, the Hospital features surgical, cardiovascular and neonatal intensive care units. The Hospital is a leader in management of outpatient surgical procedures and opened its first of two free standing ambulatory surgery and recovery centers in 1996.

History of Carle OMFS

In 1918, Margaret Carle Morris bequeathed $40,000 to the city of Urbana to establish a hospital. Her will required the hospital be located within the city of Urbana and be "open to and for the benefit of the public.” The property was donated by the Simeon Busey family and in 1920 their homestead was remodeled into the Urbana Memorial Hospital. During the 1920s, the institution underwent continued growth and transition. However, in 1930 the facility was forced to close its doors due to the lack of community funds to support the mortgage of ongoing expansion.

In 1931, at the same site, the Carle Memorial Hospital Association was created under the direction of Drs. J.C. Rogers and Hugh L.D. Davison. Drs. Rogers and Davison had recently completed their surgical training at Mayo Clinic and shared the vision of a multi-specialty group practice. Their idea stressed communication and interaction among the staff, which would translate into better patient care. They began with only two surgeons and two nurses to manage the patient care responsibilities.

Drs. Rogers and Davison were joined over the following years by a radiologist, Dr. Witting; an internist, Dr. Austin; and an otolaryngologist, Dr. Peterson. All were Mayo fellowship trained. A partnership agreement was made based upon the principle of "all for each and each for all.”

In 1937, the Department of Oral Surgery was added under the direction of Dr. Edward C. Thompson. His surgical skills in maxillofacial surgery and proficiency in the new technique of Sodium Pentothal Anesthesia were valued and important additions to the Clinic's services.

In 1948, Dr. Thompson established the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) Residency Program, which was the first advanced training program established at Carle. Dr. Thompson served as the program director until the 1960s when he was joined by Drs. Robert Keen and Jack Jordan. During the following years, each served as director of the residency program.

Upon completion of his residency training at Carle Foundation Hospital, Dr. Stephen Sabol joined the institution in 1988. He served as the division head from 2004 until he retired in 2016.

Dr. Jonathan Bailey joined the faculty in 2001, becoming the program director in 2004. Dr. Bailey completed his residency at Massachusetts General Hospital with an additional two year fellowship in Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Oncology and Reconstruction at the University of Maryland Medical System, Baltimore.

Dr. Craig Norbutt joined Carle Foundation Hospital in 2011 as the associate program director. Dr. Norbutt completed his residency at the University of Pittsburgh, followed by a fellowship in Orthognathic Surgery with Dr. Myron Tucker. His clinical interests include Craniomaxillofacial Trauma, Bone Grafting and Implant Surgery.

Most recently, Dr. Ashley Manlove joined Carle in July 2016. Dr. Manlove completed her residency at Case Western Reserve. She then completed a fellowship in Pediatric Craniomaxillofacial Surgery at the University of Florida, Jacksonville.

Today, Carle Physician Group is one of the largest private physician group practices in the country. It is the second largest outpatient facility in Illinois, serving more than one million patients in 42 east central Illinois and western Indiana counties. This environment has produced an extremely busy oral and maxillofacial surgery service. On a daily basis, residents are paired with attending surgeons in the outpatient clinic and operating room, gaining experience in an expanded scope of the specialty.

Carle Foundation Hospital is the primary teaching hospital for the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign. This association with the University allows the OMFS residents to incorporate biomedical sciences and portions of the medical school curriculum into the didactic and clinical OMFS training. Additionally, basic and clinical research programs exist with faculty of the Departments of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Veterinary Medicine and Bioengineering.

The Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Service is the sole provider for all skeletal and soft tissue injuries to the head and neck. This opportunity provides the residents with an in depth exposure to the surgical management of complex craniomaxillofacial trauma. Coordination of care with the Trauma, Neurosurgical, Orthopedic and ICU services reinforces the residents understanding of the complex care of patients with multi-system injuries.

Within the hospital, the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Service has formed a close working relationship with Carle's Neonatology Service. The Hospital's Level III Perinatal Service provides care for mothers and babies. The OMFS division is consulted for nearly all craniofacial anomalies, often after in-utero ultrasound diagnosis. With this opportunity, the OMFS residents gain in depth clinical and operating room experience in the management of primary and secondary cleft lip and palate surgery. This is a unique and valuable aspect of the residency program at Carle Foundation Hospital and Carle Physician Group.

Maxillofacial oncology and the care of oral cancer patients is also an important part of the division's commitment. Dr. Bailey has made this the focal point of his clinical practice. The OMFS residents receive didactic instruction and clinical experience in the diagnosis, management, and surgical care of head and neck cancer patients. With the expanding scope of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, this element of the training program has helped to keep the Carle OMFS Residency Program on the leading edge of the specialty.

Over the last 90 years, the growth of the Carle health system has allowed the OMFS Residency Program to thrive, with nearly 15,000 patient visits each year. This unique environment has allowed the OMFS Residency Program to thrive. The program provides residents with training in the full scope of the evolving specialty. The close working relationship between residents and attending physicians typically provides a one-on-one interaction, which benefits the patient, trainee, and mentor. This training paradigm upholds the ideals of the institution's primary benefactor and founders.